Meaning of the FFPI factor scores.


People who score positively on this factor are extraverted; they express themselves easily, in particular in social situations. Extraverted people are talkative and active, feel at ease with crowds, approach others easily, and love to chat; they easily express their interests and feelings. Extraverted people love other people’s company; company and bustling environments will fuel their energy.

People who score negatively on this factor are introverted; they prefer being alone to being part of a crowd. Introverted people find it difficult to approach others; they tend to keep apart from others and avoid small talk. They can happily spend time alone with their thoughts; they seek quiet. Introverted people prefer being onlooker to active participation in things that are going on. Crowds and noise drain their energy and make introverted people feel anxious to leave.


People who score positively on this factor are mild; they are good-natured, tolerant, and peace loving. Mild people consider others’ interests and are willing to cooperate and compromise. They understand people who think differently; they listen to others and let them do their own thing. They try to avoid quarreling and, in conflicts, will offer peace rather sooner than later; they tolerate a lot from others. In addition, mild people pay no attention to their own needs; they forgo things for the sake of others and do not put people under pressure. Mild people are interested in, and respect others.

People who score negatively on this factor are unforgiving; they are bossy, self-centered, and harsh. Unforgiving people are quarrelsome and out for their personal gain. They play hardball and will do anything to get their way; they take advantage of other people’s shortcomings and weaknesses; they use others for their own ends. They like to order people around and impose their will on others. In disagreements, they are relentless; they see others as their competitors. Unforgiving people do not care about other peoples’ interests and feelings.


People who score positively on this factor are orderly; they are systematic, conscientious, and precise. Orderly people accomplish their work on time and according to a plan. They love to make order out of chaos; they like to tidy up. They see to it that rules are observed; they appreciate good manners. Orderly people like to do things in a regular order and to finish tasks directly. They put work above pleasure.

People who score negatively on this factor are sloppy; they lack discipline, are careless, and forgetful. Sloppy people do things at the last minute and act without planning. They tend to let things come to a head; they live from one day to the next. Sloppy people often leave a mess behind, leave their belongings around, and lose things.

Emotional Stability.

People who score positively on this factor are emotionally stable; they are calm, well balanced, and keep a cool head. Emotionally stable people can stand a great deal of stress; they are not bothered by time pressure, setbacks, or unexpected events. They can take their minds off their problems and ignore distractions from noise or bustle. Emotionally stable people can function well in all circumstances.

People who score negatively on this factor are emotionally unstable; they are emotional and sensitive to stimuli. Emotionally unstable people feel things more deeply, are easily hurt, and become easily overwhelmed by their environments or events. They are easily moved to tears. Their sensitivity makes them prone to over-stimulation, known as neuroticism. Emotionally unstable people will generally function less optimally when put under pressure.


People who score positively on this factor are autonomous; they tend to be astute and clever, and want to form their own opinions. Autonomous people look into things and spend time thinking about it; they analyze problems and do things on their own account. They can easily link facts together and tend to be creative. Autonomous people question others’ and own assumptions, and can counter other people’s arguments.

People who score negatively on this factor are intellectually dependent; they have no opinions of their own. Dependent people prefer doing what others do to going their own way; they are inclined to copy others. They are poorly informed and take things for granted. Dependent people tend to agree to anything and take things lying down.